Woven with spun cotton yarn and textile scrap of cotton or leather, chindi dhurries are floor coverings or rugs that are identified by their bold stripes in solid colours. A distinctive feature of the dhurrie is its weave, comprising a weft of spun yarn and a warp of unspun, shredded fabric, known in Hindi as chindi. These rugs are mostly produced in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh but are also made in certain parts of Madhya Pradesh. Chindi rugs may also be made entirely with fabric scraps through the process of braiding, coiling and stitching; these are round in shape and usually only decorative.
Textile scraps picked up in bulk from various garment and stitching units are shredded into small strips to prepare for weaving. The warp threads are attached to a horizontal ground loom with two wooden beams into which the chindi is inserted with fingers, according to a set pattern on the graph. This form of weaving is similar to the process of making panja dhurries, another type of floor covering, as both techniques use the panja, a fork-like tool used to keep the yarn tight while weaving.
The chindi dhurrie is an important example of the practice of repurposing and recycling, integral to the traditional textile industry of India. It is also one of the few crafts to use this concept expressly for the purpose of producing a commercially viable product. Their production is, unlike in most traditional carpet-weaving practices, mostly handled by women.
“Chindi Dhurries of Maharashtra.” Asia InCH – Encyclopedia of Intangible Cultural Heritage. Accessed December 07, 2021.
Brar, Prabhdip and Sumita. “Exploring the potential of Chindi (textile waste) for producing quality products for women empowerment.” International Journal of Home Science 3, no. 3 (2017): 1–7. http://www.homesciencejournal.com/archives/2017/vol3issue3/PartA/3-3-11-817.pdf.
Ranjan, Aditi, and M. P. Ranjan. Handmade in India: Crafts of India. Ahmedabad: Mapin Publishing, 2007.