In an attempt to keep our content accurate and representative of evolving scholarship, we invite you to give feedback on any information in this article.

    This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.



    Map Academy

    Articles are written collaboratively by the EIA editors. More information on our team, their individual bios, and our approach to writing can be found on our About pages. We also welcome feedback and all articles include a bibliography (see below).

    A winged creature in Buddhist, Jain and Hindu mythology. He is the mount of the Hindu god Vishnu and is often represented as a kite, eagle or as a half-man half-bird. In Buddhism, he is the Ashtasena (eight legions), a dharma protector. He is also the yaksha (attendant) to the Jain tirthankara Shantinatha.


    Our website is currently undergoing maintenance and re-design, due to which we have had to take down some of our bibliographies. While these will be re-published shortly, you can request references for specific articles by writing to

    Related Content