In an attempt to keep our content accurate and representative of evolving scholarship, we invite you to give feedback on any information in this article.

    This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.


    ARTICLE

    Chudidaar

    Map Academy

    Articles are written collaboratively by the EIA editors. More information on our team, their individual bios, and our approach to writing can be found on our About pages. We also welcome feedback and all articles include a bibliography (see below).

    A type of long trouser traditionally worn in north and west India, the chudidaar is distinguished by its loose waist panel fastened by a drawstring, a heavily gathered seat and narrow, tapering legs gathered at the ankle. The name of the garment derives from the Hindi word chudi, which means bangle(s), and refers to the bangle-like gathers formed at the base of the leg. The lower garment, of Mughal, descent is an adaptation of the payjama, which until the mid-nineteenth century had been typically long and loose-fitting, and worn exclusively by men. The chudidaar is traditionally worn with a kurta or kameez by both men and women.

    Between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, courtly fashions underwent a number of changes, mostly in the kingdom of Oudh (part of present-day Uttar Pradesh), but the loose-fitting and flowy pyjama continued to be worn as a mark of nobility. during the reign of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah (1754–75 CE), the courtiers and nobility would wear long jamas and the balabar (a long tunic with multiple fastenings) over the wide-girthed payjamas, inspired by fashions of Delhi. In the early nineteenth century, the tighter-fitting outer garments angrakha and the achkan came into vogue, along with the heavily pleated kalidar payjama and the baggy arz ke painchon ka paijama. After a war between Awadh and Ranjit Singh of the Sikh Empire in 1827, a type of trousers that were short and tight below the knee, known as the ghuttana, worn by the Sikh infantry, grew popular among the soldiers of Awadh. It is believed that this style was adopted in Awadh and combined with the Mughal izar — loose-legged, drawstring pants — to yield the composite style of the chudidaar as it is known now.

    Today, the chudidaar is worn as part of ceremonial or festive ensembles as well as for everyday dressing. It is available in cotton, silk and various synthetic and stretchable fabrics in a variety of colours.

     
    Bibliography

    Goswamy, B.N. Indian Costumes in the Collection of the Calico Museum of Textiles. Ahmedabad: Sarabhai Foundation, 2010.

    Sharma, Madhu. "COSTUME AND COSTUME-CRAFT IN NAWABI AWADH." Proceedings of the Indian History Congress 32, no.2 (1970): 177–81.

    www.jstor.org/stable/44138523.

    Utsavpedia. “Churidar Suits: Its History, Fashion Statements And More.” April 19, 2017. https://www.utsavpedia.com/attires/the-charming-tale-of-the-indian-churidar/.

    Feedback
     
    Related Content
    loading