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    Jeram Patel (b.1930; d. 2016)

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    Articles are written collaboratively by the EIA editors. More information on our team, their individual bios, and our approach to writing can be found on our About pages. We also welcome feedback and all articles include a bibliography (see below).

    Modernist artist and founding member of Group 1890, Jeram Patel is known for his abstract ink drawings and burnt wood engravings.

    Born in Kheda, Gujarat, Patel studied drawing and painting at Sir JJ School of Art, Mumbai (1950–55) and typography and publicity design at the Central School of Arts and Craft, London (1957–59). In 1960, Patel joined the Faculty of Fine Arts, Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU), Baroda (now Vadodara), where he taught artists such as Anil Relia and Malti Gaekwad. He also briefly taught at the National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad, and served as Deputy Director of the Handloom Board of India (1963–66). In 1980, he became a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, London.

    Patel’s early works are figurative, executed in black ink, as in the Hospital series (1966), rendered in black and white using a crow quill and ink on handmade paper. Following a trip to Japan in the 1960s, he began experimenting with engravings on burnt plywood. He exhibited his burnt wood panels, Gestalts, at the Group 1890 exhibition of 1963. Patel employed a wide variety of techniques to execute an “attack on wood” through methods such as charring and puncturing. He also used enamel paint on canvas, board, tin sheets and plywood, and employed nails, blowtorch, crow quill, Chinese ink and Japan black. A large number of his artwork remains untitled, driven by his desire to have the material speak for itself, without drawing any references or classifications.

    He held his first solo show at Woodstock Gallery, London (1959). He has also shown his works at Gallery One, London (1967); Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai (1969); Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi (1977); National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi (1994); and the Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi (1968, 1975, 1978, 1982). In 2016, the Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi, organised a retrospective of his work, showing nearly 180 works created by Patel over his artistic career.

    In 1994, Patel received the Emeritus Fellowship along with Himmat Shah from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. In the same year, he was appointed Chairman of the Lalit Kala Akademi, Gujarat. He received the Kala Ratna (1997) and four National Awards for Rasikapriya (1957), Study in Silence (1963), Black III (1973) and Organic Black (1984).

    Patel died in 2016 in Vadodara.


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    Jhavery, Shanay. “Jeram Patel.” Frieze Magazine, September 26, 2016.

    Kalra, Vandana. “Black, White and Wood.” The Indian Express, January 19, 2016.

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    “Modern Indian Art.” Asta Guru Auction Catalogue, March 26–27, 2018.

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    Popli, Bhumika. “Group 1890 Returns to the Forefront with a Historic Exhibition in Delhi.” The Sunday Guardian, September 10, 2016.

    Sharma, Arnav Das. “The First-Ever Retrospective on Jeram Patel Shows the Dark Beauty of his Works.” Hindustan Times, December 17, 2016.

    Sharma, Manik. “The Man Who Played with Fire: Jeram Patel Retrospective Reveals How He Played with the Language of Art.” Firstpost, December 17, 2016.

    Sheikh, Gulammohammed, ed. Contemporary Art in Baroda. New Delhi: Tulika, 1997.

    Shukla, Prayag. “Jeram Patel an Innovative Journey of Five Decades.” Indian Culture. Accessed May 26, 2021.

    Siu, Toivo Kai Yan. “Jeram Patel (1930-2016).” Art Asia Pacific, January 21, 2016.

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    Times of India. “Noted Artist Jeram Patel Dies,” January 19, 2016.


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