Aurangzeb (b. 1618; d. 1707) was the sixth Mughal emperor of India. He succeeded his father Shah Jahan, and ruled between 1657 and 1707. His reign was marked by extensive territorial expansion, Islamic orthodoxy and cultural austerity. His reign also saw the construction of mosques and memorials such as Moti Masjid in Delhi, Badshahi Mosque in Lahore and Bibi ka Maqbara in Aurangabad.