Mask of Vaikuntha Vishnu, late 5th century. Learn more about 5th century masks
Also known as serigraphy and silk-screen printing, it is a stencil-based technique of printing on a substrate such as paper or textile. The ink is transferred onto the substrate through a mesh screen made of silk, polyester or nylon, stretched taut within a frame. The non-printing areas are blocked by different methods, including cut-paper stencils or emulsion-based photo transfers. The ink is uniformly spread over the mesh with the help of a rubber blade and transferred through the open areas onto the substrate.