Mask of Vaikuntha Vishnu, late 5th century. Learn more about 5th century masks
A network of historic trade routes, it connected Southern Europe, Persia, East Africa, Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia via land. It remained active for centuries and was central to economic and cultural exchange between the East and the West, particularly from the second century BCE to the eighteenth century CE. It is commonly believed to be the first global trade route.